The Four Phases of Emergency Management
Emergency Management is the continuous process by which all individuals, groups and communities manage hazards in an effort to avoid or improve the impact of disasters resulting from the hazards.
Emergency Management is the continuous process by which all individuals, groups and communities manage hazards in an effort to avoid or improve the impact of disasters resulting from the hazards. Actions that are taken are dependent on the percentage of risk to the county of that particular hazard.
Laurens County has developed the Emergency Operations Plan (EOP), using an all hazards approach. These plans will be implemented in the event of a disaster and will direct the county through the four phases of emergency management; Preparedness, Responses, Recovery, & Mitigation.
The objective of the response phase includes the necessary emergency services and first responders in the disaster area. This phase is likely to include a first wave of core emergency services such as firefighters, police, and EMS crews.
The purpose of the recovery phase is to restore the affected to its previous state. Recovery efforts are concerned with issues and decisions that must be made after immediate needs are addressed. Recovery efforts are primarily concerned with actions that involve rebuilding destroyed property, re-employment and the repair of other essential infrastructure.
Mitigation efforts attempt to prevent hazards from developing into disasters altogether, or to reduce the effects of disasters when they occur. Mitigation focuses on long-term measures to reduce or eliminate risk. Mitigation is the most cost effective method for reducing the impact of hazards.
Emergency Supplies Kit
Some emergencies may require you to be stuck inside, without electricity, running water or access to food. Make sure your family has an emergency kit for these situations. You may also want to create a grab-and-go bag in case of emergency evacuations with some clothes, a sleeping bag or blanket, hygiene items, medicines, food and bottled water.
- Water: one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation
- Food: at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food
- Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert
- Flashlight and extra batteries
- First aid kit
- Whistle to signal for help
- Dust mask to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place
- Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
- Emergency wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
- Manual can opener for food
- Local maps
- Cell phone with chargers, inverter or solar charger
For a complete guide to building an emergency kit and for more information about planning for emergencies, visit FEMA’s website at www.ready.gov.
Emergency Management is the combined efforts of local, state and federal governments to protect the citizens from the effects of disasters, both natural and man made. The local Office of Emergency Management works to identify and analyze the hazards that may face Laurens County and develop contingency plans for each hazard. The plans are regularly tested, refined and tested again, all with the goal of protecting or saving lives and property.
Mr. Avery was named Director of the Laurens County Emergency Management Agency on October 2008. Mr. Avery has been the Director of Laurens County 911 since December 16, 1991.
Emergency Management Director
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